PERIODONTOLOGY

GUM DISEASES

A periodontic dentist is a specialist dentist who has studied the supporting structures of teeth, diseases and the conditions that can cause them. 

Gum Disease is a common problem caused by poor oral hygiene but can also be caused by poor nutrition, smoking or medical issues such as diabetes.

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Signs and symptoms

· Bad breath · Redness or the swelling of the gums · Bleeding during brushing 

· Loose teeth · Receding gums

Although gum disease can be prevented by regular brushing and flossing, treatment may still be required. Simple solutions can include a professional scale and polish although, in some cases, more extensive work could still be required.

 

Bone Grafts 

Artificial bone replaces original bone lost as a result of gum disease; the graft will help with the stability of teeth and reduce the risk of tooth loss.

 

Flap Surgery

Incisions are made in the gums to open them up and remove and plaque or tartar which may have built up. When placed back in position they are moved closer to the teeth to prevent any harmful bacteria growing.

 

Soft Tissue Graft

This is soft tissue which is moved to reduce the gap caused by receding gums.

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FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT

PERIODONTOLOGY

What are the noticeable symptoms?

Bleeding during brushing, gums which have pulled away from the teeth, bad breath, redness and swelling. 

Brush and floss regularly, stop smoking if you can and schedule regular visits to your dentist to help keep your smile healthy.

 

How long does it take to scale and polish my teeth? 

If you take care of your dental hygiene and if your visit your hygienist regularly, the process shouldn’t take more than 30-45 minutes. Larger deposits of plaque which have hardened on can take longer to remove so the procedure may take a little longer.

 

What are the procedures?  

During the procedure, the dentist will remove potentially harmful plaque, calculus and stains which cause gum disease, poor aesthetics and even more severe dental issues. 

 

What factors can increase the risk of periodontal disease?

As well as irregular visits to your dentist, gum disease can be caused by smoking or using chewing tobacco, diabetes, certain types of medication, bridges that no longer fit properly, crooked teeth, old fillings and even pregnancy. 

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